Life Long Learning attraverso il bilinguismo

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Doris Kofler
Gerda Videsott
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7447-1583

Abstract

Il presente contributo vuole illustrare come il bilinguismo plasmi le funzioni e le strutture neurocognitive e come la costante esperienza del bilinguismo possa persino prevenire l’insorgere di malattie neurodegenerative quali l’Alzheimer. Esso indica possibili vie che l’educazione permanente può percorrere tenendo conto delle conoscenze linguistiche dei soggetti e tentando di promuoverle fino in tarda età. Queste conoscenze sono concepibili come empowerment per lo sviluppo del soggetto che, attraverso un contesto culturale stimolante e coinvolgente, può allenare mente e cervello. Alcuni esemplari progetti di LLL provenienti dalla Provincia di Bolzano includono anche la tematica del bilinguismo prestandosi in questo modo a indicare i possibili luoghi in cui questa educazione lifelong può svolgersi, promuovendo la salute e la partecipazione dei soggetti alla vita sociale. 

 

This article is aimed at displaying how bilingualism shapes neurocognitive structures and functions, and how an ongoing bilingual experience may even prevent the onset of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s. Several possible paths are described that can be followed by permanent education while building upon the linguistic skills of the subjects and trying to foster such abilities through old age. Such a background can be regarded as a sort of empowerment in the subject’s development for training the mind and the brain within a stimulating and engaging environment. A few exemplary LLL projects found in the Bolzano area also include bilingualism as a topic, thus suggesting potential areas where such a lifelong learning can take place so as to foster good health and participation by the subjects to social life. 

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